In the May 2010 general election, no party was able to form a majority government. Both the Conservative and Labour parties needed the support of the Liberal Democrats to form a government that could function as a majority government in the Commons. After a degree of horse-trading with regards to what would be offered for the support of the Liberal Democrats, a Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government was formed and Cameron had to create his first ever Cabinet. By the very nature of a coalition, the Cabinet contained a number of Liberal Democrat MP’s; the party leader, Nick Clegg, was made Deputy Prime Minister.

Prime Minister: David Cameron

Deputy Prime Minister: Nick Clegg*

Foreign Secretary: William Hague

Chancellor of the Exchequer: George Osbourne

Home Secretary: Theresa May

Defence Secretary: Liam Fox

Chief Secretary to the Treasury: Danny Alexander*

Health Secretary: Andrew Lansley

Education and Children Secretary: Michael Gove

Justice Secretary: Ken Clarke

Business Secretary: Vince Cable*

Works and Pensions Secretary: Ian Duncan-Smith

Energy and Climate Secretary: Chris Huhme*

Local Government and Communities Secretary: Eric Pickles

Transport Secretary: Philip Hammond

Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Secretary: Caroline Spelman

International Development Secretary: Andrew Mitchell

Culture, Sport and Olympics Secretary: Jeremy Hunt

Welsh Secretary: Cheryl Gillan

Northern Ireland Secretary: Owen Patterson

Chair of the Cabinet: Lady Warsi

Leader of the Lords: Lord Strathclyde

The following attend Cabinet meetings on a basis of when they are needed:

Paymaster General and Head of the Cabinet Office: Francis Maude

Minister of State, Cabinet Office: Oliver Letwin

Minister of State Universities and Science: David Willetts

Chief Whip and Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury: Patrick McLoughlin

Attorney General: Dominic Grieve

Leader of the Commons and Lord Privy Seal: Sir George Young

* = Liberal Democrat.