Hitler and his first Cabinet


When Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30th 1933 , he was in the position to appoint his very first cabinet. However, with no Nazi Party majority in the Reichstag, Hitler had to include men from other political parties in his first cabinet – even if they did come from the right wing Stahlhelm and German Nationalist parties. With a general election scheduled for March 1933 , there can be little doubt that Hitler had no desire for a coalition cabinet even if it did include others with right wing views. From January 30 th to March 5 th , Hitler had to work with a coalition cabinet. When the March 5 th election did not go Hitler’s way (the Nazi Party failed to win a majority of votes) he had two simple choices: work with another coalition government or embark on a course of action that would lead to a suspension of civil liberties and the introduction of the Enabling Act . Hitler chose the latter.

Hitler’s first cabinet:

Adolf Hitler: Chancellor

Franz von Papen: Vice-Chancellor

Wilhelm Frick (NSDAP): Minister of the Interior

Hemann Goering (NSDAP): Minister without Portfolio and later Minister for Air

Alfred Hugenberg (German Nationalist Party): Minister of Economics

General Werner von Blomberg (no party affiliation): Minister of Defence

Franz Seldte (German Nationalist Party): Minister of Labour

Constantin Freiherr von Neurath (no party affiliation): Foreign Minister

Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk (no party affiliation): Minister of Finance

Franz Gűnter (German Nationalist Party): Minister of Justice

Paul Freiherr von Eltz-Rűhenach (no party affiliation): Minister of Communication

July 2012