The third session of the Council of Trent started in 1562. The pope was Pius IV. By 1562 the Jesuits had become far more powerful in the Council and this was at a time in Europe when there was general chaos. Ferdinand, the brother of Charles V, still hoped for reconciliation with the Protestants;Charles IX of France supported this in an effort to stave off religious problems in France; Spanish bishops wanted the authority of the bishops to be declared superior to that of the pope and in this they were supported by Philip II of Spain. The Italian bishops at Trent would have none of this.
· clerical celibacy was upheld
· communion in one kind for the laity was upheld
· the veneration of images and relics was upheld
· bishops were to ordain only suitable men to holy orders and to supervise their moral life
· a seminary was to be established in every diocese
This session put an emphasis on the quality of the clergy.
But the Council left the pope to decide on the revision of the Index, the compilation of the catechism and the revision of the Missal and the Breviary. This greatly extended the influence of the pope and it was the position of the pope that emerged victorious from the Council of Trent and the Council formally recognised the pope as Vicar of Christ on Earth.