Today in History

March 7th

161 – Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by his adoptive sons Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus.

238 – Roman subjects in the province of Africa revolt against Maximinus Thrax and elect Gordian I as emperor.

321 – Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire.

1277 – Stephen Tempier, bishop of Paris, condemns 219 philosophical and theological theses.

1573 – A peace treaty is signed between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice, ending the Ottoman–Venetian War (1570–73) and leaving Cyprus in Ottoman hands.

1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.

1814 – Emperor Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.

1827 – Brazilian marines unsuccessfully attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina.

1827 – Shrigley abduction: Ellen Turner is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.

1850 – Senator Daniel Webster gives his “Seventh of March” speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850 in order to prevent a possible civil war.

1862 – American Civil War: Union forces defeat Confederate troops at the Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas.

1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the “telephone”.

1900 – The German liner SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse becomes the first ship to send wireless signals to shore.

1902 – Second Boer War: In the Battle of Tweebosch, a Boer commando led by Koos de la Rey inflicts the biggest defeat upon the British since the beginning of the war.

1912 – Roald Amundsen announces that his expedition had reached the South Pole on December 14, 1911.

1914 – Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign as King.

1936 – Prelude to World War II: In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.

1945 – World War II: American troops seize the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine river at Remagen.

1950 – Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy.

1951 – Korean War: Operation Ripper – United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgway begin an assault against Chinese forces.

1965 – Bloody Sunday: a group of 600 civil rights marchers is brutally attacked by state and local police in Selma, Alabama.

1967 – Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Sementara (MPRS), Indonesian provisional parliament, revoked Sukarno’s mandate as President of Indonesia.

1968 – Vietnam War: The United States and South Vietnamese military begin Operation Truong Cong Dinh to root out Viet Cong forces from the area surrounding Mỹ Tho.

1971 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivers his historic speech at Suhrawardy Udyan.

1985 – The song “We Are the World” receives its international release.

1986 – Challenger Disaster: Divers from the USS Preserver locate the crew cabin of Challenger on the ocean floor.

1987 – Lieyu Massacre: Taiwanese military massacre of 19 unarmed Vietnamese refugees at Donggang, Lieyu, Kinmen.

1989 – Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel, The Satanic Verses.

2006 – The terrorist organisation Lashkar-e-Taiba coordinates a series of bombings in Varanasi, India.

2007 – The British House of Commons votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected.

2009 – The Real Irish Republican Army kills two British soldiers and two civilians at Massereene Barracks, the first British military deaths in Northern Ireland since the end of The Troubles.

2009 – The Kepler space observatory, designed to discover Earth-like planets orbiting other stars, is launched.

2014 – The opening ceremony for the 2014 Winter Paralympics take place in Sochi, Russia.

All above information obtained from Wikipedia.org

Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_7