Lord Louis Mountbatten, head of Combined Operations in World War Two, was born in 1900, the great grandson of Queen Victoria. During the war, Mountbatten found fame in the Royal Navy but also as the man who believed in the value of small specialist units that could operate behind enemy lines – or sabotage key enemy bases. Such a view was not universally shared amongst the military’s hierarchy at the start of the war.
He gained a reputation in the Far East for integrity and Clement Atlee, the Labour Prime Minister, appointed him as Viceroy of India in February 1947 with the difficult task of overseeing the independence of India and Pakistan. After such a difficult task, which many believed Mountbatten handled with skill, he returned to the Navy.
In 1955, Mountbatten was appointed First Sea Lord and between 1959 and 1965, he was Chief of Defence Staff.
On August 27th, 1979, Mountbatten was murdered by a bomb planted by the IRA on his boat while he was sailing in County Sligo.