The start of a major Russian offensive into the Ukraine
Novgorod was recaptured by the Russians.
The Leningrad-Moscow rail line was re-opened effectively ending the siege of Leningrad.
Japan started ‘Operation U-Go’ – an attempt to push the Allies back to India by destroying the Allied bases at Imphal and Kohima.
The Allies dropped 1,250 tons of bombs on Cassino, Italy, at the start of a major offensive.
Orde Wingate, head of the Chindits, was killed in a plane crash.
The Russian Army moves onto Rumanian soil for the first time.
The Russians launched their final attack on German forces in the Crimea.
The Crimea was cleared of German resistance; Sebastopol was retaken.
The Allies started their effort to outflank the monastery at Cassino.
Kesselring ordered the German evacuation of Cassino; Monte Cassino evacuated.
The Americans started their break-out from Anzio beach.
The Americans started their drive to Rome.
Hitler ordered Kesselring to withdraw from Rome.
Allied troops entered Rome.
D-Day. Allied forces landed in Normandy.
First V1 landed in Britain.
US forces trapped the German garrison at Cherbourg.
‘The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot in the Far East.
Effective end of Japanese resistance on Saipan in the Marianas Islands.
First Russian units get to Poland.
Japan ended its attempt to destroy Kohima and Imphal when the Japanese High Command called off the offensive.
‘Operation Goodwood’ launched by British and Canadian forces to drive towards Caen.
‘The July Bomb Plot – the failed attempted to kill Hitler.
Lvov was liberated by the Russian Army.
Effective end of Japanese resistance on Tinian, Marianas Islands.
Japanese resistance in Guam ended.
The Russians announced that the new Polish Committee of National Liberation is, in the Russians view, the new representative government of Poland.
Paris liberated by the Allies.
Rumania declared war on Germany.
Russian troops reached the border of Bulgaria.
Brussels liberated by the British 2nd Army.
Antwerp liberated by the British 2nd Army.
Rundstedt appointed commander-in-chief of the German Army in the west; he was ordered by Hitler to attack the advancing Allies.
Ghent liberated by the Allies.
First V2 landed in Britain.
Russian troops crossed into Bulgaria.
Eisenhower agreed to Montgomery’s plan that led to the Arnhem raid.
Start of ‘Operation Market Garden’ – the attack on Arnhem.
British troops at Arnhem bridge were overwhelmed by SS IX and X Divisions.
German troops in Boulogne surrendered.
German troops in Calais surrendered.
Evacuation of surviving paratroopers from Arnhem began.
The ‘Tirpitz’ was sunk by British bombers.
Start of the Battle of the Bulge.
Japanese resistance on Leyte ended.
The US 2nd Armoured Division stopped the II Panzer Division reaching the River Meuse.
Hitler was informed that Antwerp cannot be retaken.