Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points
Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points were first outlined in a speech Wilson gave to the American Congress in January 1918. Wilson’s Fourteen Points became the basis for a peace programme and it was on the back of the Fourteen Points that Germany and her allies agreed to an armistice in November 1918.
- No more secret agreements (“Open covenants openly arrived at”).
- Free navigation of all seas.
- An end to all economic barriers between countries.
- Countries to reduce weapon numbers.
- All decisions regarding the colonies should be impartial
- The German Army is to be removed from Russia. Russia should be left to develop
her own political set-up.
- Belgium should be independent like before the war.
- France should be fully liberated and allowed to recover Alsace-Lorraine
- All Italians are to be allowed to live in Italy. Italy’s borders are to be “along
clearly recognisable lines of nationality.”
- Self-determination should be allowed for all those living in Austria-Hungary.
- Self-determination and guarantees of independence should be allowed for
the Balkan states.
- The Turkish people should be governed by the Turkish government. Non-Turks in
the old Turkish Empire should govern themselves.
- An independent Poland should be created which should have access to the sea.
- A League of Nations should be set up to guarantee the political and territorial
independence of all states.