Public opinion in 1938 seemed reasonably in favour of Neville Chamberlain and what was later to be termed appeasement when he returned with “peace in our time” after the September 1938 Munich Agreement. Opinion polls appear to show that the majority of the nation was in support of the stance taken by Chamberlain.

“Should Britain promise assistance to Czechoslovakia if Germany acts as it did towards Austria?” (Asked March 1938)

Yes: 33%
No: 43%
No opinion: 24%

“Hitler says that he has no more territorial ambitions in Europe. Do you believe him?” (Asked October 1938)

Yes: 7%
No: 93%

“Which of these views comes closest to your views of Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement?” (Asked February 1939)

  1. It is a policy that will ultimately lead to a lasting peace in Europe: 28%
  2. It will keep us out of war until we have time to rearm: 46%
  3. It is bringing war nearer by whetting the appetite of the dictators: 24%
  4. No opinion: 2%

Is the British government right in following a policy giving guarantees to preserve the independence of small European states? (Asked April 1939)

Yes: 83%
No: 17%