|Japan started her attack on the Philippines
|The Allies in the south-west Pacific set up a combined command ABDA (American, British, Dutch and Australian) under the command of General Sir Archibald Wavell.
|The Japanese begun their campaign in the Dutch East Indies by attacking the islands of Tarakan and Manado.
|The ‘Tirpitz’ moved into Trondheim, Norway, as Germany built up her strength on the Artic Convoy routes.
|Singapore surrendered to the Japanese on ‘Black Sunday’.
|135 Japanese planes attacked Darwin in northern Australia. 240 people were killed and 10 wounded.
|Battle of Java Sea – an attempt by the Allies to stop the Japanese attacking Java. It failed.
|The ‘Tirpitz’ sailed to intercept Convoy PQ-12 but was driven off by torpedo-bombers from ‘HMS Victorious’.
|Dutch East Indies surrendered unconditionally.
|Douglas MacArthur, under orders from Roosevelt, left the Philippines for Darwin, Australia.
|Three US fighter squadrons arrived in Darwin and Japanese attacks on the city decreased.
|Germany’s all-out aerial assault on Malta started.
|The Allied forces at Bataan surrendered and the Philippines fell to Japan. 78,000 prisoners were forced on the 65 mile ‘death march’.
|16 B-25 bombers, launched from aircraft carriers, carried out the first air raid on Japan.
|47 Spitfires are sent to Malta but almost all are destroyed on landing.
|Corregidor surrendered to the Japanese
|Start of the Battle of Coral Sea
|Battle of Coral Sea ends in US victory
|The Red Army failed to re-take Kharkov
|America defeated the Japanese attempt to capture Midway Island.
|The Siege of Sebastopol started in the Crimea.
|The massacre of Lidice occurred.
|Tobruk captured by Rommel. Churchill called the defeat a “disgrace”.
|General Auchinleck took over command of 8th Army in North Africa.
|Convoy PQ-17 sailed from Iceland for Archangel. The convoy included 33 merchant ships.
|7,000 prisoners from the 8th Army were captured by Rommel
|Russia started to evacuate Sebastopol.
|Convoy PQ-17 was attacked by torpedo-bombers and dive-bombers. Two merchant ships were sunk and two more damaged. The Admiralty gave the order for the convoy to scatter.
|Germany launched an all-out assault on Convoy PQ-17.
|Only two out of the 33 ships reached Archangel. More get to Archangel in later days. the convoy lost a total of 23 merchant ships that carried 430 tanks, 210 planes, 3,350 vehicles and nearly 100,000 tons of cargo.
|The Americans landed at Guadacanal.
|The start of the Allied attack on Dieppe. There was a day’s delay in leaving from British ports due to bad weather.
|The decision was made to evacuate the survivors from Dieppe.
|The Russians started their first attempt to free Leningrad. This attempt ended in failure by September 26th.
The Germans launched their first attempt to take Stalingrad.
|The German Army reached the backs of the River Volga in Stalingrad.
|Heavy Russian fighting halted the German advance in Stalingrad.
|The Japanese launched heavy attacks against the Americans at Guadacanal but sustained heavy casualties.
|The “final” German attack on Stalingrad started but was halted by the Russians.
|The fourth German attack on Stalingrad started. It led to three weeks of intense fighting.
|Britain attack on the German army started at El Alamein in North Africa.
|With Montgomery victorious at El Alamein, Rommel started his retreat in North Africa.
|The start of Operation Torch – the Allied invasion of North Africa. Allied troops landed near Casablanca, Oran and Algiers. With a large Allied army in the west of North Africa and with Montgomery advancing from the east, Rommel was caught between two major forces.
|The German advance in south Russia was held up at Stalingrad.
|The Russians launched an attack that would encircle the Germans at Stalingrad.
|The Germans launched ‘Operation Winter Storm’ to relieve the VI Army in Stalingrad. It fails after 11 days, leaving the VI Army trapped in Stalingrad.
|The Japanese planned to withdraw their troops from Guadacanal after suffering heavy losses in a number of battles.
The Russians at Stalingrad had pushed all German troops away from Stalingrad leaving the city open to a major attack.