1945
January 28thThe end of the Battle of the Bulge – from now the German Army was on the retreat into Germany itself. 
February 13thStart of the bombing raid on Dresden. 
February 16thStart of the Battle of Iwo Jima – the US Navy began a 3 day bombardment of Iwo Jima. 
February 19thUS Marines landed on Iwo Jima.
February 23rdUS Marines raise the US flag on the summit of Mount Suribachi.
March 7thBritish and American troops crossed the Rhine.
March 16thIwo Jima was declared secure by US forces.
March 22ndUS 3rd Army crossed the River Rhine.
March 29thLast bomb (a V1) fell on Britain.
April 1stAmerica took Okinawa – the last island held by the Japanese.

The Ruhr was encircled by the Allies.

April 12thDeath of F D Roosevelt. 
April 13thThe Russians captured Vienna. Belsen handed over to the British who entered the concentration camp on April 15th.
April 18thAll resistance in the Ruhr is ended and 370,000 German prisoners were taken.
April 22ndHitler decided to stay in Berlin ‘until the end’.
April 25thAmerican and British troops met at Torgau, Germany.
April 30thHitler committed suicide.
May 2ndBerlin surrendered to the Russian Army.
May 4thThe German VII Army surrendered.
May 7thGermany surrendered unconditionally.
May 8thVictory in Europe (VE) Day.
May 11thGerman forces in Czechoslovakia surrendered.
June 22ndJapanese resistance on Okinawa ended.
July 12thGeneral Election in Britain. Atlee replaced Churchill as Prime Minister.
August 6thFirst atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the ‘Enola Gay’.
August 9thSecond atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki by ‘Bockscar.
September 2ndJapan surrendered. Victory in Japan (VJ) Day celebrated.
November 20th Start of the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials.

1939   1940   1941   1942   1943   1944

Share with friends