Medieval Surnames

Medieval Surnames

Medieval surnames had a far more important meaning attached to them in Medieval England than perhaps they do now when we effectively inherit our surname. Medieval names usually meant something and below are some of the more common surnames found in Medieval England and their meaning. 

Ashdown

Dweller on ash-tree hill

Baker

Maker of bread

Bennett

blessed

Bigge

Big and Strong

Brickenden

Maker of bricks

Brooker

Dweller by the brook

Browne

Brown haired or dark skinned

Carpenter

Maker of wooden objects

Cheeseman

Maker of cheese

Clarke

Scholar, cleric or secretary

Cooper

Wooden bucket maker

Fletcher

Maker of arrows

Foreman

Looks after pigs

Godfrey

God-peace

Gregory

Watchful

Hughes

Son of Hugh

Mannering

Manly

Nash

Dweller by the ash tree

Payne

Pagan

Rolfe

Peasant

Taylor

Maker of clothes

Walter

Dweller by water

Ward

Guardian or watchman

Webb

Weaver

Wood

Dweller by the wood


MLA Citation/Reference

"Medieval Surnames". HistoryLearningSite.co.uk. 2014. Web.






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