Timeline of the Spanish Civil War

Timeline of the Spanish Civil War

1936

 
   

February

Popular Front won national elections and Azana was appointed president of Spain.

March

The right wing Falange Party was banned.

March to May

Street riots; strikes and general anarchy in some parts of Spain.

July

Military uprisings in Spanish Morocco and some parts of mainland Spain. The government dissolves the regular army. July 19th, Franco arrives to take command of the army in Morocco.

Hitler agreed to help out the Nationalists. Stalin agreed to help the Republicans. German and Italian planes airlift Franco’s army to the Spanish mainland.

August

First International Brigade volunteers arrived in Spain.

September

A military junta named Franco as head of state and c-in-c of the armed forces of Spain.

October

The first aid from Russia arrives for the Republicans

November

Germany and Italy recognise Franco as head of Spain’s government.

   

1937

 
   

February

Nationalists started a major offensive against Madrid. International Brigade played an important part in resisting this offensive.

March

Battle of Guadalajara. Italian "volunteers" defeated. This led to Franco abandoning any attempt to take Madrid.

April

Guernica destroyed by aerial bombing.

May

Republican groups in Barcelona fell out causing serious weaknesses in the city.

June

The strategic city of Bilboa fell to the Nationalists.

August

The Vatican recognised Franco’s regime.

   

1938

 
   

April

Republican Spain was split in two by the Nationalists.

May

Franco declared that the Republicans had to unconditionally surrender.

July

Start of the collapse of the Republican army after the Battle of the Ebro.

October

International Brigade left Spain.

   

1939

 
   

January

Barcelona fell to Franco

February

Britain and France recognised the legitimacy of Franco’s government.

March

Madrid surrendered to Franco

April

Republicans surrendered unconditionally to Franco.






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