|Popular Front won national elections and Azana
was appointed president of Spain.
|The right wing Falange Party was banned.
|March to May
|Street riots; strikes and general anarchy in some
parts of Spain.
|Military uprisings in Spanish Morocco and some
parts of mainland Spain. The government dissolves the regular army. July
19th, Franco arrives
to take command of the army in Morocco.Hitler agreed to help out the Nationalists.
Stalin agreed to help the Republicans. German and Italian planes airlift
Franco’s army to the Spanish mainland.
|First International Brigade volunteers arrived in
|A military junta named Franco
as head of state and c-in-c of the armed forces of Spain.
|The first aid from Russia arrives for the
|Germany and Italy recognise Franco
as head of Spain’s government.
|Nationalists started a major offensive against
Madrid. International Brigade played an important part in resisting this
|Battle of Guadalajara. Italian
“volunteers” defeated. This led to Franco
abandoning any attempt to take Madrid.
|Guernica destroyed by aerial bombing.
|Republican groups in Barcelona fell out causing
serious weaknesses in the city.
|The strategic city of Bilboa fell to the
|The Vatican recognised Franco’s regime.
|Republican Spain was split in two by the
|Franco declared that the Republicans had to
|Start of the collapse of the Republican army
after the Battle of the Ebro.
|International Brigade left Spain.
|Barcelona fell to Franco
|Britain and France recognised the legitimacy of
|Madrid surrendered to Franco
|Republicans surrendered unconditionally to