FebruaryPopular Front won national elections and Azana
was appointed president of Spain.
MarchThe right wing Falange Party was banned.
March to MayStreet riots; strikes and general anarchy in some
parts of Spain.
JulyMilitary uprisings in Spanish Morocco and some
parts of mainland Spain. The government dissolves the regular army. July
19th, Franco arrives
to take command of the army in Morocco.

Hitler agreed to help out the Nationalists.
Stalin agreed to help the Republicans. German and Italian planes airlift
Franco’s army to the Spanish mainland.

AugustFirst International Brigade volunteers arrived in
SeptemberA military junta named Franco
as head of state and c-in-c of the armed forces of Spain.
OctoberThe first aid from Russia arrives for the
NovemberGermany and Italy recognise Franco
as head of Spain’s government.
FebruaryNationalists started a major offensive against
Madrid. International Brigade played an important part in resisting this
MarchBattle of Guadalajara. Italian
“volunteers” defeated. This led to Franco
abandoning any attempt to take Madrid.
AprilGuernica destroyed by aerial bombing.
MayRepublican groups in Barcelona fell out causing
serious weaknesses in the city.
JuneThe strategic city of Bilboa fell to the
AugustThe Vatican recognised Franco’s regime.
AprilRepublican Spain was split in two by the
MayFranco declared that the Republicans had to
unconditionally surrender.
JulyStart of the collapse of the Republican army
after the Battle of the Ebro.
OctoberInternational Brigade left Spain.
JanuaryBarcelona fell to Franco
FebruaryBritain and France recognised the legitimacy of
Franco’s government.
MarchMadrid surrendered to Franco
AprilRepublicans surrendered unconditionally to