|Rationing of clothes introduced in Britain
|Italy launched a counter-offensive in Albania against the Greeks. This was the first of 46 Italian attacks – all repulsed by the Greeks.
|British and Australian forces captured Tobruk in North Africa.
|South African forces entered Italian Somaliland.
|The British started a mechanised movement which encircled the Italians to the south of Benghazi.
|British and Australian forces entered Benghazi.Rommel was appointed commander of the German Afrika Corps.
|Mussolini accepted Hitler’s offer of a German armoured division to support Italian forces in North Africa.
|Rommel arrived in Tripoli.
|First German units arrived in Tripoli.
|Anthony Eden went to Athens to discuss the possibility of a German attack on Greece.
|German and British forces clashed for the first time in the Western Desert.
|German troops enter Bulgaria
|British forces invaded Ethiopia. The start of a three week blockage of the Suez Canal by the Germans placing magnetic and acoustic mines there.
|Italy launched a major attack on the Greeks but to no avail.
|The Germans capture Benghazi.
|Germany attacked Yugoslavia and Greece.British forces occupy Addis Ababa in Ethiopia.
|The start of the siege of Tobruk after the Germans failed to capture it.The Germans captured Zagreb.
|Germany accepted the surrender of Belgrade.
|The Yugoslavian Army surrenders
|Last of the heavy air raids on Britain. The Blitz ended.
|HMS Hood sunk by the Bismarck with the loss of 1,416 men out of a crew of 1,419.
|The Bismarck was sunk by the Royal Navy. Out of a crew of 2,200, just over 100 survived.
|The German invasion of Russia – Operation Barbarossa began.
|The first German shell landed in Leningrad – the start of the 900 day siege.
|Italian forces surrendered at the Wolchefit Pass, Ethiopia.
|The first Allied convoy to Russia took place.
|The final phase of the German attack on Russia started – the attack on Moscow.
|Churchill promised Stalin that a convoy would sail to Russia every 10 days.
|Italian forces surrender at Gondar ending Mussolini’s East African venture.
|The Russian counter-attack in Moscow started.
|The Japanese attacked the American Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbour.
|Britain and America declared war on Japan.
|Germany declared war on America.
|By this date, a total of 53 merchant ships had reached Russia and delivered 750 tanks, 800 fighter planes, 1,400 vehicles and 100,000 tons of general stores.
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